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Recommendations For Common Aliments

Diabetes symptoms include increased thirst and urination, persistent hunger, unexpected weight loss, fatigue, blurred vision, slow-healing sores, frequent infections, darkened skin patches, and numbness or tingling in the hands and feet. These symptoms necessitate medical evaluation for proper diagnosis and management.


Diabetes is a chronic condition characterized by elevated levels of glucose (sugar) in the blood. There are two main types of diabetes: Type 1 and Type 2, each with distinct but sometimes overlapping symptoms. Here are the common symptoms associated with diabetes:

Increased Thirst and Frequent Urination: Excess glucose in the bloodstream pulls fluid from the tissues, causing you to feel dehydrated and leading to increased thirst. This leads to increased urination as the body attempts to rid itself of the excess blood sugar.
Increased Hunger: Despite eating, the inability of your cells to absorb glucose can lead to constant hunger.
Weight Loss: Unexpected weight loss can occur, despite eating more. This happens particularly in Type 1 diabetes, where the pancreas stops producing insulin, causing the body to break down muscle and fat for energy.
Fatigue: Insufficient sugar moving from the bloodstream into your body's cells means less energy, resulting in feelings of fatigue and tiredness.
Blurred Vision: High blood sugar levels can lead to swelling of the lenses of your eyes, impacting your ability to focus, leading to temporary blurry vision.
Slow Healing Sores or Frequent Infections: High levels of glucose in the blood can impair your body’s ability to heal and resist infections.
Areas of Darkened Skin: Some people with Type 2 diabetes have patches of dark, velvety skin in the folds and creases of their bodies — a condition called acanthosis nigricans.
Numbness or Tingling: Excess sugar in the blood can lead to neuropathy, or nerve damage, which causes tingling and numbness, usually in the hands and feet.

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Common viral infections include flu, colds, COVID-19, hepatitis, herpes, HIV, chickenpox, HPV, rotavirus, and norovirus, each with unique symptoms and treatments.

Viral Infections

Viral infections come in many forms, affecting various parts of the body. Some of the most common types of viral infections include:

- Influenza (Flu): A respiratory infection causing fever, cough, body aches, and fatigue. It can lead to severe complications, especially in the elderly, young children, and those with certain health conditions.
- Common Cold: Caused by rhinoviruses, among others, leading to symptoms such as a runny nose, congestion, mild cough, and sore throat.
- COVID-19: Caused by the novel coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2), symptoms range from mild respiratory symptoms to severe pneumonia and death. Common symptoms include fever, cough, difficulty breathing, and loss of taste or smell.
- Hepatitis: Inflammation of the liver, usually caused by one of several viruses such as hepatitis A, B, C, D, and E. Symptoms include jaundice, abdominal pain, and dark urine.
- Herpes Simplex: Includes types like HSV-1, which typically causes cold sores, and HSV-2, which usually results in genital herpes. Both cause blisters and sores at the site of infection.
- Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV): Attacks the immune system and can lead to Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS). Symptoms include severe immune system degradation.
- Varicella-Zoster Virus: Causes chickenpox in children, leading to itchy rashes and fever, and shingles in adults, which causes painful rashes.
- Human Papillomavirus (HPV): A sexually transmitted infection that can lead to genital warts and cervical cancer.
- Rotavirus: A leading cause of severe diarrhea among young children.
- Norovirus: Causes gastroenteritis or stomach flu, characterized by stomach pain, nausea, diarrhea, and vomiting.
- Rabies: A virus affecting the brain, transmitted by bites from infected animals, leading to neurological symptoms and, if untreated, death.

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Common bacterial infections include strep throat, UTIs, tuberculosis, bacterial pneumonia, sexually transmitted infections, Lyme disease, food poisoning, leprosy, meningitis, and impetigo.

Bacterial Infections

Bacterial infections can affect various parts of the body, causing a range of symptoms and requiring specific treatments. Common types include:

Strep Throat: Causes severe sore throat and fever.
Urinary Tract Infections (UTIs): Lead to pain during urination and frequent urination.
Tuberculosis (TB): Affects the lungs with symptoms like coughing up blood, fever, and night sweats.
Bacterial Pneumonia: Causes chest pain, fever, and difficulty breathing.
Gonorrhea and Chlamydia: Sexually transmitted infections presenting with painful urination and discharge.
Lyme Disease: Transmitted by ticks, causing fever, fatigue, and a characteristic skin rash.
Salmonella and E. coli: Cause food poisoning symptoms such as diarrhea, abdominal pain, and vomiting.
Leprosy: Affects the skin, nerves, and mucous membranes, leading to skin lesions and numbness.
Meningitis: Infection of the lining around the brain and spinal cord, presenting with fever, headache, and a stiff neck.
Impetigo: A skin infection causing red sores that rupture and form honey-colored crusts.

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Common fungal infections include athlete's foot, ringworm, jock itch, yeast infections, oral thrush, nail fungus, scalp ringworm, aspergillosis, candidiasis, and pneumocystis pneumonia.

Fungal Infections

Fungal infections result from the invasion of various types of fungi in different body parts, leading to a range of symptoms. Common types include:

Athlete's Foot (Tinea Pedis): Causes itching, redness, and cracking of the feet.
Ringworm (Tinea Corporis): Forms a red, itchy, circular rash on the skin.
Jock Itch (Tinea Cruris): Affects the groin area with a red, itchy rash.
Yeast Infections: Typically affect genital areas, causing itching, discharge, and irritation.
Oral Thrush: Causes white patches inside the mouth.
Nail Fungus (Onychomycosis): Leads to thickened, brittle, and discolored nails.
Scalp Ringworm (Tinea Capitis): Results in scaly patches and hair loss on the scalp.
Aspergillosis: Affects the respiratory system with symptoms like wheezing and coughing.
Candidiasis: Can occur in skin folds, genitals, throat, mouth, and blood, leading to various symptoms based on the affected area.
Pneumocystis Pneumonia: Specifically affects people with weakened immune systems, causing severe respiratory issues.

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